Using Do, Does, Doing, Did, Done, Will Do

Do is a very important word. Do is a word we use when we want to talk about some work in the past, present or future. The word do is always present in any sentence with a verb (just like to be is present in simple noun sentences). It is used to talk about general activity. 

So when we say :

I want to work. Do is present in the activity, but we don’t see it since ‘want’ is the do. 

For the opposite you have to use ‘do not’ or ‘don’t’. In other words when we don’t want to do the action (verb), in this case ‘want’ then we use don’t. Example: I don’t want to work.

I eat pizza. ==> I don’t eat pizza.

I drink water. ==> I don’t drink water.

I run 5 kilometers. ==> I don’t run 5 kilometers.

Sentences in Continuous

I hate doing my homework / cleaning / washing. – I hate doing it.

I love doing it. homework / cleaning / washing.

I am eating breakfast.

He is watching TV.

I am doing Karate.

He is doing homework.

DO Question continuous

Questions with What

What are you eating? I am eating a watermelon.

What is he watching? He is watching a cricket match.

What are you doing? I am eating a watermelon.

What is he doing? He is watching a cricket match.

What are you doing this evening?

What were you doing last evening?

What was he doing in the house?

What were they doing with the car?

Why?

Why were you doing his homework?

Why were you doing their painting?

How?

How were they doing karate?

How was she doing her homework?

Sentences in Simple Present

It is his turn to do it.

I want to do it now.

He does his homework on time.

They do their cleaning at the month end.

DO Questions in simple present tense:

Questions with what?

What do you do?

What do you do to earn money?

What work or job do you do?

What does James do?

What does Vijay earn?

What do you like?

What can we do?

Questions with who

Who does your washing? – Who washes your clothes.

Who does your work?  – Who works for you?

Who does your cooking? – Who cooks for you?

When?

When do you get up?

When do you get back home?

How?

How do you spend the day?

How does he like his coffee

How much?

How much does this watch cost?

With Why?

Why do you run so slow?

With Where?

Where do you want to go?

Sentences with “will do”:

I will do it tomorrow.

I will do the work as soon as possible (ASAP).

I will do the cleaning in the morning

DO Questions in Future tense

What?

What will we do?

What will he do now?

What will they do tomorrow?

How?

How will they do their washing?

How will we do the cleaning?

When?

When will they do their homework?

When will you do the work?

DO usage in Past tense

Sentences with “did”:

‘Did’ is the past tense of ‘do’. If the work is finished you use ‘did’.

I did it.

The man with the golden shoes did it.

They did it yesterday.

She did it to fool you.

Questions with “did”:

Did she tell you who it was?

Did they come on time?

What?

What did she tell you?

What did they do to him?

Who?

Who did it?

Who did the cleaning/homework etc?

When?

When did they come back?

How?

How did the do it?

Confirmation Questions for Verbs – Yes or No

Confirmation Questions for Verbs are yes no questions for finding out if something is true.

Confirmation questions for action words

We have already learned to talk about doing words or in other words use action words. Now we need to ask questions to confirm whether what we are thinking is true or not. Like we did for nouns. When we ask confirmation questions about actions we have to use the word ‘do’.

Do I like that person?

Do I look like I am ready? Do I look ready?

Do you cook?

Do you shop at Crossroads?

Do they read English?

Do they make pastries?

Do we need permission?

Do we start tomorrow?

Negative Questioning

Don’t I like that person?

Don’t I look like I am ready? Don’t I look ready?

Don’t you cook?

Don’t you shop at Crossroads?

Don’t they make pastries?

Don’t we need permission?

Don’t we start tomorrow?

Question Tag

When you believe the answer is YES.

I like that person, don’t I?

I look like I am ready, don’t I? I look ready, don’t I?

You cook, don’t you?

You shop at Crossroads, don’t you?

You take music classes, don’t you? Yes. I do.

They make pastries, don’t they?

We need permission, don’t we?

We start tomorrow, don’t we?

Negative question tag

When you believe the answer is NO.

I don’t like that person, do I?

I don’t look like I am ready, do I? I don’t look ready, do I?

You don’t cook, do you?

You don’t shop at Crossroads, do you?

They don’t make pastries, do they?

You don’t work at McDonald’s, do you?

We don’t need permission, do we?

We don’t start tomorrow, do we?

Since we add ‘s’ to Third person Singular, we say for HE, SHE and IT = DOES

Does he cook?

Does he know how to ski?

Does she wash?

Does she look good?

Does he do any work?

Does your watch show time?

Does that horse jump over the fence?

Negative Questioning

Doesn’t he cook?

Doesn’t he know how to ski?

Doesn’t she wash?

Doesn’t she look good?

Doesn’t he do any work?

Doesn’t you watch show time?

Doesn’t that horse jump over the fence?

Questions Tag

When you expect the answer to be YES

He cooks, doesn’t he?

He knows how to ski, doesn’t he?

She washes, doesn’t she?

She looks good, doesn’t she?

He works, doesn’t he ?

Your watch shows time, doesn’t it?

That horse jumps over the fence, doesn’t it?

When you expect the answer to be NO

He doesn’t cook, does he?

He doesn’t know how to ski, does he?

She doesn’t wash, does she?

She doesn’t look good, does she?

He doesn’t work, does he ?

Your watch doesn’t show time, does it?

That horse doesn’t jump over the fence, does it?

Request / Command using the verb together with “do”:

Please do the washing. – Please do it 

Do the cooking before he comes. –  Do it before he comes.

Do the cleaning in the morning.

Do try the special dish.

Do eat.

Do it tomorrow.

Do the work as soon as possible (ASAP).

Request / Command without the verb

In this case the action is known by both the speaker and the doer and doesn’t have to mentioned. It could be cleaning, painting, anything.

Do my room first.  – paint / clean / tidy my room first

Do the car. – paint / clean / wash etc.

Let’s do it now. – Let’s eat / drink / run now

Please do it tomorrow. 

Do what you have to.

Questions / Sentences with “have/has” with “do” and “done”

Have you done the washing / homework / cooking? Yes. I have. No. I haven’t

Have you done it? Yes. I have. No. I haven’t

I have done my / the work / painting / homework.

I have to do the – cleaning / washing etc.

Has he done the work yet?

Do you have a car?

Does he have the money?

Other Sentences with done

It has to be done.

What have you done? It could also be an exclamatory sentence instead of a question- What have you done!

You have to get it done.