Prepositions – Where is that? Types and Examples
Prepositions are words that help you identify where the object or subject of our sentence. In other words prepositions link nouns, pronouns and verbs with time and place.
Prepositions woh shabd/lavs hai jo batate hai ke hum jis cheez ya koi aadmi/aurat kaha hai. Woh waqt batate hai ya jagah batate hai.
We need to tell others about where things are. For example : The box is on the table. “The table” is the place where. “The box” is the what. The preposition word is “on”. Another example is : The student is in the class. What = the student. Where = the class. The preposition word = in.
muhe kehna hai – box table par hai. mai kis cheez ki baat kar raha hoo. Box ki. Box kaha hai. table par hai. ‘Par’ preposition hai. Woh student class mei hai. Kaun – student. Kaha hai? Class mei hai. Preposition=mei.
Every sentence has a subject. We all want to know where the subject is or where the person or thing we are talking about is. This place could be in time, or a physical place or maybe moving.
Jab hum baat karte hai kisi ki toh hum batana chahte hai ki woh kaha hai. Yeh ‘kahan’ time ke hisab se ho sakta hai aur ‘jagah’ ke hisaab se bhi ho sakta hai. Yaani koi kahan hai bata sakte hai aur koi baat kab hui woh bhi bata sakte hai. Kabhi woh cheez ya aadmi ruka hua nahi hai toh uskay baare mei bhi bata sakte hai.
Preposition of Place
We or the listener or the reader want to know where is the thing or person in relation to a physical place. The ball is in the box. We now know the subject or the ball is inside the box. The hat is on the box. Here the subject – the hat is on the box – not in it. The meeting is at the school gate.
Hum jiski baat kar rahe hai woh kaha hai?
In front of: Saamne :
That car was in front of the gate. Car gate ke saamne thi.
Opposite: ke Saamne / ulta :
The bank is opposite my building. Bank mere building ke saamne hai.
Behind: Peecche :
The cat is behind the table. Billi Table ke peecche hai.
Above: Upar : kisi cheez ki upar lekin us cheez ke upar nahi.
The balloon is above the white house.
Under: Neeche : kisi cheez ke neeche
The dog is under the bedsheet. Kutta chadar ke neeche hai.
Over: Upar se :
The car is going over the bridge. Gadi pool ki upar se jaa rahi hai.
He is inside the car. Woh gadi ke andar hai.
Outside: Bahar :
He is outside the door. Woh darwaze ke bahar hai.
The bag is below the table. Bag table ke neeche hai.
Around: Aas paas :
He lives around here. Woh yaha aas paas rehta hai.
IN : andar / mein.
He is in the car. woh gadi ke andar hai.
She is in the car. Woh class mei hai.
OUT : bahar.
He has gone out. woh bahar gaya hai.
She is coming out. woh bahar aa rahi hai.
ON : par / upar
The phone is on the table. phone table par hai.
The cat is on the tank. billi tank ke upar hai.
With: Saath mei
He was going with me. Woh mere saath jaa raha tha.
Preposition of time
The prepositions of time are not really different. They are used with time instead of place.
Yeh shabd waqt / time ki baat karte hai.
On: par :
He is on time. On time means. He is not late. woh time par hai.
They are coming in the afternoon. Woh dopahar mei aa rahe hai.
Independence Day is in August. Azadi ka din August mei hai.
The school starts at 10 o’clock. School 10 baje (par) shuru hoti hai.
The man came in before me. Woh aadmi mere pehle aya.
After: baad / Baadme
February comes after January. February January ke baad aata hai
I will learn English during vacation. Mei chuttiyon mein English seekhuga. Chuttiyon ke dauran
About: Baare mei
Tell me about the Taj Mahal. Mujhe Taj Mahal ke baare mei batao.
I work until lunch time. Mei khana khane ke waqt tak kaam karta hoon.
Around: Aas paas
He comes around this time. Woh is waqt ke aas paas aata hai.
Throughout: Poori (tarah).
There have been good and bad leaders throughout history. Acche aur burey leader poore itihas mei ho chuke hai.
With: Saath mei
Walk with the times. Waqt ke saath chalna chahiye.
Preposition of movement
When the subject of your conversation whether it is a person or thing is moving then you need to indicate the direction of the movement.
jab koi cheez hal rahi hai ya chal rahi hai usko batane ke liye bhi preposition hai. Is preposition ke liye action word istemaal karna chahiye
To: ki taraf
Dinaz is coming to Mumbai. Dinaz Mumbai (ki taraf) aa rahi hai.
Amit is flying from Delhi. Amit Dilli se udd raha hai.
Nina is going up to the bedroom. Nina upar bedroom (ki taraf) jaa rahi hai.
I will come down at 9 o’clock. Mei 9 baje neeche aaoga.
Across: (aar) Paar
He traveled across India. Woh Hindustan ke (aar) paar safar kiya.
Through: (ki cheez ke andar se) paar karna
I went through the book. Maine poori kitab paar kar lee. Maine poori kitab dekh lee.
I went through the tunnel. Mai surang ke paar gaya.
Into: Andar / Mei
He jumped into the water. Woh paani mei kooda.
Some common preposition words
in, out, on, under, next to, beside, opposite, from, to, across, with, through, after, up, onto.