Demonstrative Pronoun – English Grammar
Demonstrative pronouns are used to point out something or to show what you are saying about, in short to point to what you are talking about .
Demonstrative pronouns are :- this,that,these,those .
Demonstrative Pronouns. This, That, Hindi mei – Yeh aur Woh
They are used to point/refer things , objects , people, whether they are close to us or far.
Here are some rules you need to follow while using demonstrative pronouns
This is used to point one object which is placed near us eg –
1) this house needs to be renovated. 2) this bag is made of jute 3) i want this box of sweet 4) this route is near to my home
That is used to point one object which is placed far from us eg –
1) can you pass that pencil. 2) that movie seen was horror 3) that car was made in germany 4) bring that bottle along with you
These is used to point more then one object which is placed near us eg – 1) these are my toys 2) i am keeping these seashells 3) do you know that man is a robber 4) can i have these fruits
Those is used to point more than one object which is placed far from us eg -1) those cats are fighting 2) i am selling those utensils 3) please open those sacks 4) put those lighting on top
When we want to point to a specific thing we always point out with our fingers and for things that are near to us we use ‘THIS’ and for things that are far from use we use ‘THAT’. This rule is binding on those things that are one. For things that are more than one we use – for things near to us – THESE and for things that are far from us THOSE. You must have also noticed that I have used ‘that’ to point out to stuff that I want to emphasize or bring to your notice. Example sentence: Things ‘that’ I want to emphasize. Similarly, when I say this it doesn’t have to be something physical or tangible, but simply an idea that is here. While what is this? May be a question I ask pointing to something on the table, I can also ask the same question when I point to an article in Newspaper or a painting or even a gesture or sign.
Jab hum kisi cheez ki taraf ungli uthakar batate hai toh hum yeh aur woh shabd ka istemaal karte hai. “YEH” jab woh cheez nazdeek hoti hai aur “WOH” jab woh cheez humse door hoti hai. YEH ka shabd English mei hota hai “THIS”. Aur WOH ke liye hota hai “THAT”.
English mei jab hum kisi nazdeek ki cheez ki taraf ishara karte hai (yani THIS) aur woh cheez ek se zyada hai toh uskay liye shabd hai “THESE” aur koi door cheez rakhi hai (yani THAT) lekin woh ek se zyada hai to ussey “THOSE” bolte hai. THESE aur THOSE hum baad mei baat karte hai. Baad mei hum yeh bhi baat karegay ki THIS aur THAT “JO” ke liye bhi istemaal hota hai. Yaani agar mei kahoo ki – Yeh woh rumal hai JO kal ghoom gaya tha. Toh woh ‘JO’ hai uske liye bhi “THAT” istemal hota hai. Lekin woh agay ke sabaq mei.
How to use THIS and THAT?
When it comes to using this and that we will first tackle the simplest form of the sentence we can make here.
Hum ab wohi jumla istemaal karegay jis mei YEH aur koi bhi cheez ka naam istemaal hoga. Uska matlab hoga YEH CHEEZ. Waise he WOH CHEEZ ka bhi udaharan ya misaal di jayegi.
This thing – Yeh CHEEZ
Yeh table – This table
Yeh kursi – This chair
Examples of THIS – YEH
|This dog||This cat||This table|
|This chair||This apple||This orange|
|This phone||This car||This scooter|
|This shirt||This pen||This book|
Woh table – That table.
Woh kursi – That chair.
Examples of THAT – WOH
|That dog||That cat||That table|
|That chair||That apple||That orange|
|That phone||That car||That scooter|
|That shirt||That pen||That book|
More nouns to remember – aur kucch cheezo ke naam yaad karne ke liye.
Next: Countable and Uncountable Nouns