What is Adjective in English Grammar Definition and Examples

An Adjective in English Grammar is a word that we use to describe a noun.

interesting = An Interesting book

This is an interesting book

A Bored student

That is a bored student

More examples of adjectives in simple sentences.

Common Adjectives

Size

Big / small

A car – big = A big car

A tree – small = A small tree

Tall / short

A boy – tall = A tall boy

A girl – short = A short girl

Long – Road = A long road

Colors

Black = A black tie

Blue = a blue suitcase

Green = a green door

Red = a red book

Yellow = a yellow cap

Brown = a brown fan

Orange = an orange flag

White = a white cloth

Feeling

Hot / cold

A hot cup of coffee

A cold cup of tea

Warm / cool

A warm room

A cool place

Humid / dry

The climate in Mumbai is humid

The climate in Delhi is dry

Wet = Mumbai is wet during the monsoons

Clean  = This room is clean

Dirty = This street is dirty

Taste

Sweet= This sharbet is sweet = sorbet

Bitter = The bitter gourd is bitter

Sour = The water is sour

Spicy = The friend rice is spicy.

Hot – The soup is hot

Salty – The rice is salty.

Speed

Fast – My car is fast.

Slow – His scooter is slow.

Numbers

One 1 = One clock.

Two 2 = Two watches

Three 3 = three ducks

Four 4 = There are four dogs

Five 5 = These are five pigeons.

Six 6 = Those are six pillars.

Seven 7 = There are seven days in a week

Eight 8 = Eight bulls.

Nine 9 = Nine yards.

Ten 10 = Ten Kilometers

Eleven 11 = Eleven classes

Twelve 12 = Twelve Months

Position

First = January is the first month.

Second = Hari is a second child.

Third = This is the third tablet.

Fourth = April is the fourth month.

Fifth = Thursday is the fifth day in the week.

Sixth

Seventh

Eighth

Ninth

Tenth

Eleventh

Twelfth

Emotions

angry = Jeevan is angry

sad = Kamala is sad

happy = Anupama is happy

Other adjectives

alive = That man is alive. Rishi is alive.

brave = Khalid is a brave man

beautiful = Adriana is beautiful

busy

calm

careful

cheerful

clean

clear

clever

cloudy

clumsy

colorful

comfortable

crazy

creepy

cruel

cute

dark

dead

different

difficult

easy

evil

expensive

More sentences with Adjectives

arrogant = Charles is arrogant.

attractive = Diana is attractive. Diana is an attractive woman.

adorable = Smitha’s daughter is adorable.

adventurous = Harvey is adventurous. 

aggressive = Virat is aggressive. Virat is an aggressive player.

agreeable = Karisma is agreeable. Karisma is an agreeable leader.

alert = The dog, is alert. Tommy is an alert dog.

amused

annoyed

anxious

ashamed

average

awful

better

bewildered

black

bloody

blue

blue-eyed

blushing

bored

brainy

brave

breakable

bright

busy

calm

careful

cautious

charming

cheerful

clean

clear

clever

cloudy

clumsy

colorful

combative

comfortable

concerned

condemned

confused

cooperative

courageous

crazy

creepy

crowded

cruel

curious

cute

dangerous

dark

dead

defeated

defiant

delightful

depressed

determined

different

difficult

disgusted

distinct

disturbed

dizzy

doubtful

drab

dull

eager

easy

elated

elegant

embarrassed

enchanting

encouraging

energetic

enthusiastic

envious

evil

excited

expensive

exuberant

fair

faithful

famous

fancy

fantastic

fierce

filthy

fine

foolish

fragile

frail

frantic

friendly

frightened

funny

gentle

gifted

glamorous

gleaming

glorious

good

gorgeous

graceful

grieving

grotesque

grumpy

handsome

happy

healthy

helpful

helpless

hilarious

homeless

homely

horrible

hungry

hurt

ill

important

impossible

inexpensive

innocent

inquisitive

itchy

jealous

jittery

jolly

joyous

kind

lazy

light

lively

lonely

long

lovely

lucky

magnificent

misty

modern

motionless

muddy

mushy

mysterious

nasty

naughty

nervous

nice

nutty

obedient

obnoxious

odd

old-fashioned

open

outrageous

outstanding

panicky

perfect

plain

pleasant

poised

poor

powerful

precious

prickly

proud

putrid

puzzled

quaint

real

relieved

repulsive

rich

scary

selfish

shiny

shy

silly

sleepy

smiling

smoggy

sore

sparkling

splendid

spotless

stormy

strange

stupid

successful

super

talented

tame

tasty

tender

tense

terrible

thankful

thoughtful

thoughtless

tired

tough

troubled

ugliest

ugly

uninterested

unsightly

unusual

upset

uptight

vast

victorious

vivacious

wandering

weary

wicked

wide-eyed

wild

witty

worried

worrisome

wrong

zany

zealous

Use of the — the good girl 

The naughty boy

Adjectives also have comparative and superlative

The fattest boy 

The tallest man 

The shortest woman is — 

He is famous

He is more famous

He is most famous

As talented as 

He is a talented boy

Adi is as talented as Amit

Some questions 

Few answers

A lot of water

Some adjectives come before nouns

Common adjective = elder, eldest, live, main

My elder sister = dont use = my sister is elder – you cannot say that my sister is elder to me it is wrong …  you should say my sister is older to me

There are live fishes in the aquarium = the fishes are liveXX

This is the main road = The is main XXX

Ashamed afraid alone asleep awake are some adjectives we cannot use before noun

Ashamed man

Afraid boy

Alone girl

Asleep baby

Awake brother

There are many others… how should we say this without creating confusion – should we even say this. 

Adjectives after find / make / keep

I find this artifact interesting

Reading makes me sleepy / or reading makes him sleepy

Coffee keeps me awake or her awake

Any every some = thing, body, one, where

After = anything exciting 

Let’s go somewhere quiet

Did you do anything exciting yesterday

Was there anybody famous at the party

The + adjectives

The unemployed

The blind

The disabled

The old 

The poor 

The rich

We help the blind

Give money to the poor =

 Always plural

Use with pronouns:

There is a small dog in the garden

I have new shoes 

My new shoes are on the rack

The shoes are on the rack

Use later with verbs

Feeling cold

Smells nice etc

Jane is feeling cold = Jane noun | cold = adjective | is feeling = verb === this could also be part of present continuous. 

The flower smells nice: = The = article | flower = noun | smells = verb | nice = adjective 

Common Adjectives

Size

Big small

Tall short

Long

Colours

Black

Blue

Green

Red

Yellow

Brown

Orange

White

Feeling

Hot cold

Warm cool

Humid dry

Wet

Clean 

Dirty

Taste

Sweet

Bitter

Sour

Spicy

Hot

Salty

Speed

Fast

Slow

First

Second

Third

Fourth

Fifth

Sixth

Seventh

Eighth

Ninth

Tenth

Eleventh

Twelfth

One

Two

Three

Four

Five

Six

Seven

Eight

Nine

Ten

Eleven

Twelve

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